Federal Scientists Find Delta Tunnels Plan Will Devastate Salmon

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Governor Jerry Brown and administration officials claim that the California WaterFix, a controversial plan to build two 35-mile long tunnels under the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta, is based on “science.”

“The best scientific thinking says California needs the project,” Governor Brown told Dan Morain, Sacramento Bee editorial page editor in a interview in December of 2016. (http://www.sacbee.com/opinion/opn-columns-blogs/dan-morain/article122344574.html…)

However, federal scientists strongly disagree with Brown’s claim that “best scientific thinking” supports the construction of the tunnels. In fact, the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) has released a draft biological opinion documenting the harm the tunnels would cause to salmon, steelhead, Delta and longfin smelt, other fish and wildlife species, and water quality.

An independent peer review panel found the NMFS findings are backed by “comprehensive analyses, new data, and modeling,” according to a statement from the Golden Gate Salmon Association (GGSA). The panel further found NMFS used the “best available science” and produced evidence of “significant adverse impacts” to species and critical habitat, including unacceptable harm to salmon.

The draft biological opinion is available at http://www.westcoast.fisheries.noaa.gov/central_valley/WaterFix/WaterFixPeerReview2BMaterials.html

For the section focusing on the impacts on salmon and other fish species, go to: http://www.westcoast.fisheries.noaa.gov/publications/Central_Valley/CAWaterFix/Peer%20Review%202B/section_2.5.1.2_effectsanalysis_partb_operations_upstream.pdf

Based on new scientific data documenting that the California WaterFix project would worsen water and habitat conditions for migrating Central Valley salmon, GGSS said it opposes the tunnels plan as “currently envisioned.”

“The NMFS science and the peer review both make clear the current twin tunnels proposal will likely drive the salmon to extinction and will harm other wildlife. GGSA has no option but to oppose this project,” said John McManus, GGSA executive director.

Some of the many problems highlighted in the NMFS report are the following:

  • The heavy flow through the fish screens at the giant water intakes in the Sacramento River, located just downstream of Sacramento, could impinge the juvenile salmon to the screens where they will perish.
  • Those that survive impingement and are stressed or injured will be subject to heavy predation.
  • The Sacramento River below the screens will be reduced to a relative trickle. The tiny salmon need strong flows to push them downstream. Without that, more predation and heavy losses will result.
  • Lower flows downstream of the intakes will cause more juvenile salmon lost to the interior Delta through the Delta Cross Channel and Georgiana Slough.
  • A major decrease of freshwater downstream of the intakes will also highly degrade water quality, resulting in increased contaminants and decreased food sources.

“The models used to gauge the damage to salmon showed a zero percent chance the tunnels would help winter-run Chinook salmon,” noted McManus. “Instead the modeling showed a slow steady decline towards extinction for these salmon if the tunnels are built and operated as currently envisioned.”

NMFS scientists forecast increases in winter run Chinook redd (nest) dewatering (page 78) and spring run Chinook redd (nest) dewatering (page 86) on the Sacramento River if the tunnels are built.

The NMFS report also highlights two upstream issues of concern to anglers and public trust advocates:

  • Salmon egg and alevin mortality on the American River under the tunnels project “clearly” results in adverse effects on fall run salmon, the mainstay of the sport and commercial fishing industries.
  • Increased loss of federally protected winter and spring run salmon will occur from dewatering of their incubating eggs in upstream river gravels.

“This project will not only destroy the salmon, but it also threatens the jobs of the thousands of people who depend on healthy salmon runs, including fishermen, tackle shops, boat shops, launch ramp operators, marinas, and many others,” said GGSA director Mike Aughney. “It’s time to admit this version of the tunnel idea won’t work. There’s no doubt the status quo is very bad for salmon, but this giant twin tunnels proposal obviously isn’t the answer.”

GGSA secretary Dick Pool added, “The State Water Board’s update of the water quality control plan, including new flow standards to protect salmon, water quality, and the health of the delta, also needs to be completed before any tunnel project can be properly considered and designed.”

The Governor continues to promote his tunnels as recreational, commercial and Tribal fishermen face reduced ocean and inland salmon seasons this year. Pre-season numbers unveiled by Dr. Michael O’Farrell of the National Marine Fisheries Service at a meeting in Santa Rosa on March 1 estimate only 230,700 Sacramento River fall run Chinook adults and 54,200 Klamath River fall run adults will be in the ocean this year.

Both forecasts are lower than those of recent years, with the forecast for Klamath fall run being among the lowest on record. Ocean regulatory management for salmon fisheries on the ocean from Cape Falcon in Oregon to the Mexico-US Border is heavily based on these runs.

The Delta Tunnels will also have a huge detrimental impact on Delta smelt, a state and federally listed endangered species.

“The PA will result in substantial adverse effects by the constriction/reduction in available habitat to delta smelt that support the migration, spawning, transport, and rearing processes that are necessary for reproduction and therefore survival of the species,” the report states. (page 251)

The document also states, “The delta smelt population will be most affected by the constriction and reduction in the quantity and quality of available suitable habitat to rearing juveniles and adult spawners. Their habitat size will be greatly reduced from restricted access in the north, altered flows in the south Delta, and interior Delta movements of the LSZ. The quality of habitat will be further degraded by small changes in salinity, water temperature, water clarity, food supply, Microcystis, and selenium under the PA.” (Page 260)

Delta smelt, longfin smelt and other fish species continue to remain at the edge of extinction. The Delta smelt has not yet become extinct, but the numbers of fish collected in the fall 2016 midwater trawl survey conducted by the California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW) remained alarmingly low.

This is in spite of improved precipitation last winter and spring, followed by a very wet fall that should have resulted in much higher numbers of smelt surviving.

The Delta smelt index, a relative measure of abundance, in the latest survey was 8, the second lowest in history. Seven Delta smelt were collected in November – and none were collected in September, October, or December, according to a memo from James White, environmental scientist for the CDFW’s Bay Delta Region, to Scott Wilson, Regional Manager of the Bay Delta Region. (http://www.dfg.ca.gov/delta/data/fmwt/bibliography.asp )

For more information, read: fishsniffer.com/…

While Governor Jerry Brown and other state officials proclaim that the Delta Tunnels project will “restore” the Delta ecosystem, they revealed their real plans when the administration applied for a permit to kill winter-run Chinook salmon, Central Valley steelhead, Delta and longfin smelt and other endangered species with the project.

On October 7, 2016, California Department of Water Resources (DWR) submitted an “incidental take” application for the California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW) in “compliance” with the California Endangered Species Act (CESA) in order to build the Delta Tunnels, also known as the California WaterFix.

For more information, go to: http://www.dailykos.com/stories/2016/10/10/1580366/-Brown-administration-applies-for-permit-to-take-endangered-species-killed-by-Delta-Tunnels

The NMFS draft biological opinion confirms and expands upon what previous scientific reviews of the Delta Tunnels project, including a scathing 43-page report by the U.S. EPA in 2014, have already documented – that the project, rather than restore the ecosystem, is likely to further imperil struggling populations of salmon, steelhead and other fish species in Central Valley rivers, the San Francisco Bay-Delta and the ocean.

The EPA diagnosis revealed that operating the proposed conveyance facilities “would contribute to increased and persistent violations of water quality standards in the Delta, set under the Clean Water Act,” and that the tunnels “would not protect beneficial uses for aquatic life, thereby violating the Clean Water Act.” (www.epa.gov/…)

The Delta Tunnels project is based on the absurd assumption that diverting more water out of a river and estuary will somehow “restore” that river and estuary. In addition to hastening the extinction of Sacramento River Chinook salmon, Central Valley steelhead, Delta and longfin smelt and green sturgeon, the California WaterFix also threatens already imperiled salmon and steelhead on the Trinity and Klamath rivers.

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Scam Of The Week: New FBI and IRS Alerts Against W-2 Phishing

There is a wave of W-2 phishing attacks going on. We see these coming in through thousands of reported scam attempts via our Phishing Alert Button. The FBI and the IRS have repeatedly posted warnings that these attacks have started early and that the volume has gone up significantly this year.

Remember those Nigerian prince emails? They are also called ‘Nigerian 419’ scams because the first wave of them came from Nigeria. The ‘419’ part of the name comes from the section of Nigeria’s Criminal Code which outlaws the practice. Well, those gangs have all “growed up” and they are now behind many of today’s W-2 scams.

Here are five steps to prevent an incredible amount of hassle and possible damage: •If you receive any email requesting any kind of W-2 tax information, pick up the phone and verify that request before you email anything to anybody.

  • If you receive any email requesting any kind of W-2 tax information, pick up the phone and verify that request before you email anything to anybody.
  • File your taxes at the state and federal level as quickly as you can, or file for an October 16 extension early, before the bad guys can file a bogus claim.
  • Consider filing form 14039 and request an IP PIN from the government. Form 14039 requires you to state you believe you are likely to be a victim of identity fraud. Even if cyber criminals haven’t tried to file a bogus tax return in your name, virtually every American’s data has been stolen which can lead to your identity being stolen.
  • Every 4 months, get a free once-a-year credit report from the three major credit bureaus. Get them on your calendar (cycle through them) and dispute any unauthorized activity.
  • Place a “security freeze” or “credit freeze” on your files with all three credit bureaus to prevent ID thieves from assuming your identity and open up a line of credit in your name.

This time of year, it is more important than ever to Think Before You Click!

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Saturday, April 1st from 10:00 a.m. – Youth employment Workshop

The City of Oakley Youth Advisory Council will be hosting a Youth employment
Workshop on Saturday, April 1st from 10:00 a.m. –noon in the Oakley City Council
Chambers. The workshop is designed to help teens ages 16 and up search for jobs,
learn how to fill out applications, interview professionally and learn about summer
job opportunities with the City of Oakley Recreation Division. For more information
call 925‐625‐7042.


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Main Street Downtown Construction Notice

This notice provides property owners, residents, and merchants along and adjacent to Main Street in downtown, from Norcross Lane to 5th Street with general information related to the upcoming street construction project.

The project will improve Downtown Oakley by constructing new curb, gutter, sidewalks, landscaped medians, as well as install new street lighting, trees, a new traffic signal at Main/Norcross, pedestrian crossing light system on Main Street at 2nd and 4th street, and finally, resurface Main Street.

In an effort to complete this improvement project as expeditiously as possible, while also minimizing construction impacts to the Downtown merchants, a new public parking lot has been constructed between the Main Street properties and the railroad tracks which is available for employee and customer parking, in addition to loading/unloading and truck delivery for the merchants.

Construction work is scheduled to start March 20th and anticipated to be completed by end of October. Please keep in mind that construction is weather dependent and dates are subject to change.

Electronic message boards will be posted on Main Street at strategic locations. Please look for these signs for updated project information including working hours and dates. You will receive further information on the project as related to your property in the coming weeks as some of the work will be performed at night to better accommodate the Downtown merchants.

“No Parking” signs will be posted 72 hours prior to the start of work. The signs will indicate the dates and times during which parking is prohibited. Cars parked within prohibited areas will be towed in order for work to progress in an effective manner. There will be flaggers and other workers directing traffic to ensure both the safe passage of all residents as well as the safety of our contractor. Please expect some delays, and choose alternate routes, if possible. Emergency Vehicle Access will be accommodated at all times.

We recognize that any construction work in this area will impact traffic conditions. Though temporary impacts are inevitable, we are taking all appropriate steps to create the least amount of inconvenience to the surrounding areas while performing this important project. All work will be sequenced to make the site as safe and accessible as possible during construction. Our construction team is ready to respond and address any of your questions:

Jason Kabalin, City of Oakley, Project Manager (925) 625-7040
Al Smith, Ghilotti Brothers, Superintendent (415) 760-0002
Lance Bushnell, Ghilotti Brothers, Project Manager (415) 760-0258

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April 5 – City of Oakley Invites Public to Workshop Regarding Community Choice Energy

Community Choice Energy (CCE) is a program that enables local governments to aggregate  electricity demand within their jurisdictions in order to procure electricity for their customers  while maintaining the existing electricity provider, Pacific Gas & Electric Company, for customer billing, transmission and distribution services. The State of California passed legislation in 2002 (Assembly Bill 117) that permits local agencies to form CCE programs for their communities. The City of Oakley City Council is currently exploring three options: 1) Join MCE Clean Energy (https://www.mcecleanenergy.org/), 2) join East Bay Community Energy (http://www.ebce.org/), or 3) remain with PG&E.

City Staff, along with MCE Clean Energy and East Bay Community Energy representatives will be hosting a public workshop to explain each program and look for comments and questions from the public.

Meeting Time: Wednesday, April 5, 2017 at 6:00 p.m.

Meeting Location: City Hall Council Chambers located at 3231 Main Street, Oakley

Where to find more information about Community Choice Energy: The City of Oakley has  also prepared a Community Choice Aggregation website accessed through this link: http://www.ci.oakley.ca.us/community-choice-aggregation/ . This webpage has several resources including a Frequently Asked Questions area, links to MCE Clean Energy and East Bay Community Energy as well as past Staff Reports presented to the City Council.

Questions: If you have any questions, or if you would like more information, please contact Joshua McMurray, Planning Manager at 925‐625‐7004 or by email at mcmurray@ci.oakley.ca.us. If you can’t make the meeting, please forward your comments in writing to the address or e‐mail address above.

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Sunday Reading – 03/19/17

The following links are just news items and opinions that pass my desk throughout the week. I don’t necessarily support or advocate any of the items, they are just interesting reads.

The Mysterious ‘Disappearance’ of Richard Simmons – One of the stranger stories in pop culture these days is the mental state of the former fitness guru.

Simmons, now 68, hasn’t been a public persona for some time. The days of his ubiquitous “Sweatin’ to the Oldies” videos are long gone. He no longer appears on “The Howard Stern Show” to get insulted by the host. Nor does he teach fitness as he did for decades.

If you want to find him now, better hit YouTube.

Not everyone stays famous forever. Some bow out of the limelight by choice. Others find the public has had enough of their face. So which is it with Simmons?

People in Simmons’ inner circle say the star simply wants to live a more private life these days. Yet rumor has it Simmons is essentially being held hostage in his own home, controlled by his longtime housekeeper, Teresa Reveles. That’s according to Mauro Oliveira, a friend of the star.

There’s even a podcast dedicated to uncovering the truth: “Missing Richard Simmons.” And guess what? The podcast is a smash. Read More > at PJ Media

One of Macy’s largest threats is getting even bigger – One of Macy’s largest competitive threats is about to get even bigger.

Off-price retailers TJX, Ross and Burlington plan to open nearly 300 U.S. stores combined this year. That’s roughly the same number of shops that Macy’s, Sears and J.C. Penney will collectively close.

Their expansion should continue to fuel off-price apparel sales, which grew 39 percent between 2011 and 2016, according to Fung Global Retail & Technology.

Yet while there’s no denying off-price chains are benefiting from department stores’ shrinking sales, some investors are starting to question if they’re getting ahead of themselves. Read More > at CNBC

Americans are quitting jobs at the fastest pace in 16 years – In January, the number of Americans quitting their jobs rose to a seasonally-adjusted total of 3.22 million, the highest number since February 2001. The quits rate rose in January to 2.2%.

People quitting their jobs in droves is seen as a sign of confidence among workers, as folks are unlikely to quit a job unless they are confident they can get another one.

A new high in job quitters comes amid a flurry of data in the past week showing confidence in the U.S. economy continues to be strong.

Earlier this week, both major U.S. CEOs and American small businesses indicated that confidence remains elevated.

On Tuesday, the Business Roundtable’s CEO Economic Outlook Index jumped 19.1 points to 93.3, the biggest jump since the end of 2009. This index measures expectations for sales, investment, and employment. As with many economic surveys, any reading over 50 indicates expected economic expansion. Read More > at Yahoo! Finance

Kernel is trying to hack the human brain — but neuroscience has a long way to go – For Bryan Johnson, the founder and CEO of neuroscience startup Kernel, the question is when, not if, we all have computer chips inside of our brains. Kernel, founded last fall with more than $100 million of Johnson’s own money, is trying to better understand the human brain, so that we may one day program it to improve.

The company is focusing first on medical applications, to gain a deeper understanding of the diverse and complex ways the brain can fail. Eventually, Johnson would like to move toward augmenting the organ to make us smarter and healthier and pave the way for interfacing directly with computing devices.

Johnson, who made his fortune selling his payments company Braintree to PayPal for $800 million in 2013, doesn’t have past experience in neuroscience. He is, however, riding a new wave of interest from Silicon Valley. There is a growing fear, among some futurists and other Silicon Valley elite, that humans will develop a crippling dependence on machines and software that continue to rapidly accelerate beyond our capabilities and understanding. This is a fear not necessarily shared by the neuroscience community, which is less focused on enhancing human intelligence, at least right now, than they are on treating people with Alzheimer’s and helping paraplegics regain movement. Read More > at The Verge

What a Fed rate hike means for you (get ready to pay more) – The Federal Reserve decision Wednesday to lift its benchmark short-term interest rate by a quarter percentage point is likely to have a domino effect across the economy as it gradually pushes up rates for everything from mortgages and credit card rates to small business loans.

Consumers with credit card debt, adjustable-rate mortgages and home equity lines of credit are the most likely to be affected by a rate hike, says Greg McBride, chief analyst at Bankrate.com. He says it’s the cumulative effect that’s important, especially since the Fed already raised rates in December 2015 and December 2016.

“These interest rate hikes could add up to hundreds of dollars per month in extra fees for credit card, adjustable-rate mortgage and HELOC borrowers,” McBride says.

The Fed’s likely decision to lift the federal funds rate, which is what banks charge each other for overnight loans, will have several effects on consumers. Here’s how it may impact mortgage rates, auto loans, credit cards and bank savings rates. Read More > at USA Today

Crazy at the wheel: psychopathic CEOs are rife in Silicon Valley, experts say – There is a high proportion of psychopathic CEOs in Silicon Valley, enabled by protective investors and weak human resources departments, according to a panel of experts at SXSW festival.

Although the term “psychopath” typically has negative connotations, some of the attributes associated with the disorder can be advantageous in a business setting.

“A true psychopath is someone that has a blend of emotional, interpersonal, lifestyle and behavioral deficits but an uncanny ability to mask them. They come across as very charming, very gregarious. But underneath there’s a profound lack of remorse, callousness and a lack of empathy,” said forensic and clinical psychologist Michael Woodworth, who has worked with psychopathic murderers in high security prisons, on Tuesday.

“They have certain characteristics like fearless dominance, boldness and a lack of emotion. Many successful presidents have scored highly [on the psychopathy scale],” said Woodworth.

According to recent studies there’s a high prevalence of psychopathy among high-level executives in a corporate environment: 4-8% compared with 1% in the general population. Read More > in The Guardian

Want to Raise Successful Boys? Science Says Do This (but Their Schools Probably Won’t) – This is a story about successful kids (especially boys), common sense, and research.

Most of us spend hours each day sitting at work. Science says it’s killing us, and we have developed all kinds of fads to combat it–from standing desks to smartphone alerts to get us up and moving.

Armed with that knowledge, however, what do we force our kids to do each day at school? Sit still, for six or eight hours.

Now researchers say that mistake leads us into a three-pronged, perfect storm of problems:

  1. We overprotect kids, trying to keep them safe from all physical dangers–which ultimately increases their likelihood of real health issues.
  2. We inhibit children’s academic growth (especially among boys), because the lack of physical activity makes it harder for them to concentrate.
  3. When they fail to conform quietly to this low-energy paradigm, we over-diagnose or even punish kids for reacting the way they’re naturally built to react.

News flash: Most boys are rambunctious. Often they seem like they’re in a constant state of motion: running, jumping, fighting, playing, getting hurt–maybe getting upset–and getting right back into the physical action.

Except at school, where they’re required to sit still for long periods of time. (And when they fail to stay still, how are they punished? Often by being forced to skip recess–and thus they sit still longer.)

It’s not just an American issue. Researchers at the University of Eastern Finland recently tried to document whether boys actually achieve less in school when they’re restricted from running around and being physically active. Read More > at Inc.

McDonald’s tests mobile ordering on coastal elite – If you’ve ever thought that fast food wasn’t fast enough, then it looks like McDonald’s latest initiative has you covered. The takeout chain has begun trialling mobile ordering at restaurants in Monterey and Salinas, California. Hungry patrons will now be able to select their meal on the way to their nearest location for instant collection. The app will even use your GPS data to determine when your burgers start getting cooked, ensuring your food stays warm and fresh. When you arrive, you just pay through the app and grab that famous brown bag from the counter, drive-thru or curbside collection point.

The California-only trial will run until March 20th, when residents of Spokane, Washington will also get access to the service. With the three cities housing a total of 80 different McDonald’s, its a solid test to see how prepared the global restaurant chain is for the full U.S rollout later this year. No date has been set for the full nationwide service, but McDonald’s claims that all 14,000 of its American branches will be ready to handle mobile preorders when the system goes live. Read More > at Engadget

Trick or Treat: Conniving Behavior Discovered in Dogs – Studies assessing the cognitive capabilities of dogs have increased in recent years. A recent one shows that dogs are able to make inferences. A border collie named Chaser could identify certain objects. When an unfamiliar toy was placed in a pile with those objects, Chaser was able to retrieve it even though she didn’t know the word in the command because she inferred that it was the toy she hadn’t seen before.

Dogs have also been found to shun unhelpful people, similar to behavior shown in human infants and capuchin monkeys. In a study, a dog’s owner would ask another person for help with a task, and some people would help and others would not. There was always also a neutral observer in the room. When offered a treat by both people, the dogs often chose the neutral observer over the unhelpful assistant, potentially showing community and loyalty. (Read more about doggy intelligence tests.)

Humans may only be interested in the so-called intelligence of dogs because we want to think they’re like us–or brag that our preferred breed s the smartest, though, according to Brian Hare of Duke University’s Canine Cognition Center, there is no demonstrable difference among breeds. Read More > at National Geographic

Radioshack will close 11 stores in the Bay Area as it files for bankruptcy again – Almost a dozen local RadioShack stores will close as the retailer struggles with its recent Chapter 11 bankruptcy reorganization plan, its second such filing in two years.

The company has said it will shutter 180 stores RadioShack stores this month, and will hold liquidation and store closing sales between March 13 and March 28. The cuts are part of its first round of closings, which it detailed in its Chapter 11 bankruptcy last week.

The Bay Area locations it will close are: San Francisco: 300 Pine Street; Oakland: 4230 Park Boulevard; 2200 MacArthur Boulevard; San Rafael: 1340 4th Street; San Leandro: 1353 Washington Avenue; San Leandro: 15100 Hesperian Boulevard; Lafayette: 3573 Mount Diablo Boulevard; San Mateo: 43 East 4th Avenue; Castro Valley: 20566 Redwood Road; Hayward: 24901 Santa Clara Street; and Martinez: Village Oaks Shop Center, 1155 Arnold Drive. Read More > in the San Francisco Business Times

An entire pack of wolves has gone missing in California – In August 2015, the California Department of Fish and Wildlife made a landmark announcement: Trail cameras in northern California had captured images of a pack of gray wolves. It included two adults and five loping pups, all with unusual black coats.

That made the group the first pack to settle in the state in almost a century. Gray wolves were once common in California, but by 1924 their population had been exterminated. “This news is exciting for California,” department director Charlton H. Bonham said with the announcement. “We knew wolves would eventually return home to the state, and it appears now is the time.”

Then the pack vanished.

State biologists have not spotted the wolves, which were dubbed the “Shasta Pack” because of their presence in the county home to Mount Shasta, since May, the San Francisco Chronicle reported last week. That’s puzzling because wolf packs typically stick to their territory. Then again, a lack of other wolves nearby could mean the family felt free to roam more widely. Read More > in The Washington Post

Arctic ice loss driven by natural swings, not just mankind: study – Natural swings in the Arctic climate have caused up to half the precipitous losses of sea ice around the North Pole in recent decades, with the rest driven by man-made global warming, scientists said on Monday.

The study indicates that an ice-free Arctic Ocean, often feared to be just years away, in one of the starkest signs of man-made global warming, could be delayed if nature swings back to a cooler mode.

Natural variations in the Arctic climate “may be responsible for about 30–50 percent of the overall decline in September sea ice since 1979,” the U.S.-based team of scientists wrote in the journal Nature Climate Change. Read More > at Reuters

Just weeks after Oroville Dam crisis, damage found in another key California reservoir – California water officials, still struggling with fixes at Oroville Dam, will have to temporarily shut down the pumping station that delivers water to much of Southern California and Silicon Valley after discovering damage at another key state reservoir.

The state Department of Water Resources confirmed Tuesday that operators discovered damage to the intake structure at the Clifton Court Forebay, a nearly 2-mile-wide reservoir that stores water for the State Water Project pumping plant in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta near Tracy. Repairs will begin Wednesday. It’s not clear how long they will last.

However, state officials said State Water Project customers won’t lose any water deliveries.

“This is not an emergency of any kind,” said Doug Carlson, a spokesman for the Department of Water Resources. “The water is going to continue to flow to contractors.”

Clifton Court is a crucial piece of the State Water Project’s plumbing. Water stored in the forebay is piped to the nearby pumping station, where it’s delivered to 19 million residents of Southern California, portions of Silicon Valley and about 750,000 acres of farmland in the Central Valley. A third of Southern California’s drinking water typically flows from the Delta pumps. Read More > in The Sacramento Bee

Hudson’s Bay Examining Potential Neiman Marcus Buy – Ares Management LP and Canada Pension Plan Investment Board, owners of Neiman Marcus Group Ltd., are in discussions with rival retailer Hudson’s Bay Co. to sell. Upscale retailer Neiman Marcus has hired financial advisors to explore strategic alternatives that would help flagging sales. The alternatives range from outright sale of the company, to debt restructuring.

The retailer is dealing with approximately $5 billion in debt, as well as weak sales and poor earnings.

The Wall Street Journal said Hudson’s Bay wants a transaction that would provide control of the business without having to assume the company’s debt. Sources told the publication that Hudson’s Bay could buy Neiman’s assets with a structure that wouldn’t trigger a change in control. It would also leave the debt on Neiman’s books.

Hudson’s Bay owns Saks Fifth Avenue. Read More > at Connect Media

To Make Us All Safer, Robocars Will Sometimes Have to Kill – Let’s say you’re driving down Main Street and your brakes give out. As the terror hits, a gaggle of children spills out into the road. Do you A) swerve into Keith’s Frozen Yogurt Emporium, killing yourself, covering your car in toppings, and sparing the kids or B) assume they’re the Children of the Corn and just power through, killing them and saving your own life? Any decent human would choose the former, of course, because even murderous kiddie farmers have rights.

But would a self-driving car make the right choice? Maybe yes. But even if it does, by programming a machine to save children, you’re also programming it to kill the driver. This is known as the trolley problem (it’s older than self-driving cars, you see), and it illustrates a strange truth: Not only will robocars fail to completely eliminate traffic deaths, but on very, very rare occasions, they’ll be choosing who to sacrifice—all to make the roads of tomorrow a far safer place.

Cut your pearl-clutching: Self-driving cars will save countless lives. Humanity needs them, badly—more 30,000 people die every year in road accidents in the United States alone. Worldwide, it’s more than a million. Because, it turns out, humans are terrible drivers. Machines, by contrast, are consistent, calculating, and incapable of getting drunk, angry, or distracted.

But autonomy can’t save everyone—the technology will never be perfect—and society must understand that very well before the technology arrives. Society also needs to understand that robocars are for the greater good. “Convincing the public must begin with understanding what the public is worried about and what the psychological mechanisms involved are,” says Iyad Rahwan of the MIT Media Lab, who’s studying just that. Read More > at Wired

Don’t repeal the Johnson Amendment, fix it – …According to section 501(c)(3) of the In­ternal Revenue Code, most religious, charitable, and educational organizations in the private sector are tax-exempt. Their income, if they have any, is not taxable. Far more important, contributions to these organizations are tax-deductible for the donors.

This generous tax treatment comes with eligibility requirements, and one of these requirements is controversial. A 501(c)(3) organization cannot endorse or oppose a candidate for political office, even by implication. Senator Lyndon Johnson inserted this restriction into a bill in 1954 after two tax-exempt organizations had attacked him politically.

…Churches have taken political positions throughout American history whenever moral issues became political issues. And that has been pretty often, from the movement to abolish slavery to the pro-life movement, from the era of the Social Gospel and Prohibition to the era of sanctuary churches.

The Johnson Amendment applies to religious and secular organizations alike. And it permits either kind of tax-exempt organization to spend money on politics if they do it right. A church could create an affiliated organization under section 501(c)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code, and that affiliate could create a political action committee. These affiliated orga­nizations could contribute to candidates or spend freely to endorse them. These ex­penditures by affiliates would be subject to the same limits as all other political spending: no tax deduction, limits on the size of gifts, and public disclosure.

…The real free speech problem here is that the Johnson Amendment is an absolute prohibition. It applies to sermons and other things that churches say in their ordinary operations that cost no money. If the pastor says vote for the pro-life candidate, and that’s the Repub­lican, or vote for the candidate who will care for the poor, and that’s the Demo­crat, that’s political and religious speech at the very core of the First Amendment.

Pastors violate the government’s in­terpretation of the law even if they don’t identify a candidate or a party. Urging members to vote for the pro-life candidate is an implied endorsement even if no names are mentioned. A sermon on abortion, or social justice, or the war in Iraq preached close to an election can be an implied endorsement. To forbid this speech is government censorship of sermons, and it ought to be unconstitutional. Read More > at The Christian Century

Tim Berners-Lee: I invented the web. Here are three things we need to change to save it – Today marks 28 years since I submitted my original proposal for the worldwide web. I imagined the web as an open platform that would allow everyone, everywhere to share information, access opportunities, and collaborate across geographic and cultural boundaries. In many ways, the web has lived up to this vision, though it has been a recurring battle to keep it open. But over the past 12 months, I’ve become increasingly worried about three new trends, which I believe we must tackle in order for the web to fulfill its true potential as a tool that serves all of humanity.

1) We’ve lost control of our personal data

The current business model for many websites offers free content in exchange for personal data. Many of us agree to this – albeit often by accepting long and confusing terms and conditions documents – but fundamentally we do not mind some information being collected in exchange for free services…

2) It’s too easy for misinformation to spread on the web

Today, most people find news and information on the web through just a handful of social media sites and search engines. These sites make more money when we click on the links they show us. And they choose what to show us based on algorithms that learn from our personal data that they are constantly harvesting. The net result is that these sites show us content they think we’ll click on – meaning that misinformation, or fake news, which is surprising, shocking, or designed to appeal to our biases, can spread like wildfire… Read More > in The Guardian

Major Retailers Expanding Grocery Delivery – Wal-Mart Stores Inc., Kroger Co. and Meijer are expanding into the grocery delivery service. The big retailers are exploring ways to better compete with the likes of Amazon.com Inc.’s Prime service, which accounts for more than 50% of online grocery shopping.

Roughly one-fifth of shoppers purchased groceries online in 2016, according to the National Grocers Association. A study by Nielson and the Food Marketing Institute predicts that by 2025, spending will reach $100 billion.

The expansion into the e-commerce space by more traditional grocers is expected to better align with how consumers shop in today’s fiercely competitive market. And, it is requiring retailers to rethink how those orders will be delivered, including often ceding last-mile distribution to third-parties such as Shipt and Instacart, or even Uber. Read More > at Connect Media

Proof Daylight Saving Time Is Dumb, Dangerous, and Costly – If you hate daylight saving time and all the confusion and sleep deprivation it brings, you now have solid data on your side. A wave of new research is bolstering arguments against changing our clocks twice a year.

The case for daylight saving time has been shaky for a while. The biannual time change was originally implemented to save energy. Yet dozens of studies around the world have found that changing the clocks has either minuscule or non-existent effects on energy use. After Indiana finally implemented daylight saving, something that didn’t happen until 2006, residents actually used more electricity.

The suffering of the spring time change begins with the loss of an hour of sleep. That might not seem like a big deal, but researchers have found it can be dangerous to mess with sleep schedules. Car accidents, strokes, and heart attacks spike in the days after the March time change. It turns out that judges, sleep deprived by daylight saving, impose harsher sentences.

“Even mild changes to sleep patterns can affect human capital in significant ways,” two Cornell University researchers, Lawrence Jin and Nicolas Ziebarth, wrote (PDF) last year.

Some of the last defenders of daylight saving time have been a cluster of business groups who assume the change helps stimulate consumer spending. That’s not true either, according to recent analysis of 380 million bank and credit-card transactions by the JPMorgan Chase Institute. Read More > at Bloomberg

Capitol Journal – Will California spend more on water projects? ‘It all depends on how thirsty the governor is,’ De León says – If there ever was a politically ripe time to spend lavishly on water projects, this is it. But Sacramento Democrats are settling for a drop in the bucket.

We’ve had double the normal amount of rain throughout much of the state, ending a five-year drought that wrought havoc because not enough water had been stored in reserve.

Moreover, experts warn this volatile weather pattern has been merely a preview of California life to come with climate change.

So better try to prepare, right? Get those one or two big dams built that everyone has been yakking about for years. Compromise on a real delta plumbing fix; scrub the governor’s impractical, monstrous twin tunnels. Invest heavily in efficient groundwater replenishing, storm water capture and recycling. Expedite desalination. Bolster flood controls. Read More > in the Los Angeles Times

Look Ma, no hands! No steering wheel needed under new Calif. car rules – Under newly proposed California self-driving car rules, the state’s Department of Motor Vehicles will let companies test autonomous vehicles that lack that quintessential car component, the steering wheel.

What else can they shed? Brake pedals and (human) drivers, anywhere in the car.

Once the cars have been tested either on a closed track or through computer modeling, self-driving cars will be able to tool around California roads without drivers or even the ability to be driven by a driver.

Prior to this, autonomous vehicles had to have a driver sitting ready to take charge at any second should anything go wrong. Read More > at USA Today

Government Collects $1.257 Trillion in Taxes in First Five Months of FY 2017 – The federal government collected approximately $1.257 trillion in taxes in the first five months of fiscal year 2017, but the federal government still ran a $349 billion deficit during that time, according to the latest monthly Treasury Department statement.

revenue from individual income taxes, corporate income taxes, social Treasury receipts include tax insurance and retirement taxes, unemployment insurance taxes, excise taxes, estate and gift taxes, customs duties, and other miscellaneous items.

In the first five months of 2017, which included the months of October, November, December, and January, the amount of taxes collected by the federal government totaled $1,256,553,000,000. The 2017 fiscal year begins on Oct. 1, 2016, and runs through Sept. 30, 2017.

After adjusting for inflation, the federal government collected $1,263,101,350,000 in the first five months of fiscal 2016, which means the government collected slightly less revenue this year. Read More > in The Washington Free Beacon

The Problem of Success – By all accounts the Saudi economy is in decline. Low oil prices are forcing the Kingdom to live off savings, a process which can only last for so long. “The International Monetary Fund in January slashed its forecast for Saudi economic growth this year to 0.4 percent from 2 percent. … Net foreign assets, though still above $500 billion, are shrinking as the government uses savings to plug a budget deficit that reached $79 billion last year — $107 billion if delayed payments to contractors are included.” The Saudi government has a six-point plan aimed at tightening its belt and minimizing economic unrest as it tries to shift away from oil but it may be too little, too late to sustain it in the same old style…

One person who understood the growing strategic weakness of the Saudi position was Rex Tillerson. Speaking in October 2016 as the chairman of Exxon Mobile, when a president Hillary was still universally anticipated, “Tillerson told Saudi Arabia’s energy minister … that fears of a new global oil supply crunch were exaggerated as the U.S. oil industry was adapting to the low price shock and was set to resume growth.” The Saudis had cut oil prices in the belief that it would bankrupt American producers. Instead innovation turned North America into the big swing producer.

The remarks by Tillerson … come as the Saudis have effectively abandoned their strategy to drive higher cost producers out of the market by ramping up cheap supplies from their own fields … shale oil producers’ resilience in cutting costs to make some wells profitable at as low as $40 a barrel means that North America has effectively become a swing producer that will be able to respond rapidly to any global supply shortage. Read More > at PJ Media

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A little pet peeve of mine

What started out as a quick Facebook entry has now turned into a rant. A little pet peeve of mine – I watch a lot of sports, mostly football, baseball and basketball. I generally don’t like announcers, I know enough about the games that I don’t need someone giving me their interpretation of what I’m seeing, but I digress. What really gets me is when a skirmish breaks out somewhere on the field of play, doesn’t matter what the sport is, the announcer invariably refers to the incident as a “scrum”. This only shows how ignorant the announcer is regarding the game of Rugby.

I started playing Rugby in the mid 70’s at Brigham Young University, then played for a number of clubs in Utah, before moving back to the Bay Area and playing for the Rugger’s Inn/Hayward Area Griffins until 1988. Along the way I broke my nose a couple of times, some fingers, some toes and a partial tear of the medial collateral ligament in my left knee. I digress again but just wanted to show the bona fides of someone who knows the game.

A scrum is a means of restarting play after a minor infringement. A scrum is most commonly awarded when the ball is knocked forward, or passed forward, or when a ball becomes trapped in a ruck or maul. It is a very structured and controlled part of the game, not a street brawl as sports commentators would lead you to believe. It involves up to eight players from each team, known as the pack or forward pack, binding together in three rows and interlocking with the opposing team’s forwards.

The first row consists of the Loose Head Prop on the left, the Hooker and, the Tight Head prop. The two props support the hooker.

The second row consists of two locks. The locks bind to each other and to the props. The locks tend to be strong and tall. In the scrum they provide stability and a forward push to power the opposition off the ball. Players in the front row and the second row positions are collectively called the “tight five” because they are all bound tightly to each other in scrums.

The last row consists of flankers (also called breakaways) and the number eight position. These are the “loose forwards” because the can break away from the scrum and follow the ball more easily than the tight five forwards. Flankers assist in pushing in a scrum, but are expected to detach from the scrum as early as possible in order to get to the ball before the opposition’s forwards. The last member of the scrum is the number-eight person. They bind between the locks at the back of the scrum, providing extra weight at the push. Number eights interact with the scrum-half at the back of the scrum to control and provide clean ball for the backs. They can also pick the ball from the back of the scrum and run with it or flick it to the scrum half.

During my nearly fifteen years of Rugby I played the lock and number-eight positions and on rare occasions I played with backs as a full-back.

The last player involved in a scrum is called the Scrum-half. Acting as the link between the forwards and the backs, he will put the ball into the scrum, and then collect it from the back of the scrum and pass it to the backs. A good scrum-half will control exactly when the ball is fed out to the backs from the rear of a scrum

The scrum restarts play after a minor rules violation, such as passing the ball forward. When a scrum is formed the eight forwards from each team bind together to form a pack. The two opposing packs then bind together, head to head, prop on prop and form a tunnel.

Scrum-half preparing to toss ball into the tunnel

The scrum-half from the non-offending team tosses the ball into the middle of tunnel favoring neither team. Each hooker will try and control or “hook” the ball with their feet and then the ball is funneled through the scrum to the feet of the number-eight who either pushes the ball out to the scrum-half or picks the ball up and passes to the waiting backs. No hands are allowed to touch the ball while it is in the scrum. Teams can be penalized for intentionally causing the scrum to collapse, and for not putting the ball into the scrum correctly. Because of the physical nature of scrums, injuries can occur, especially in the front row. I have seen opposing props head butt one another as the two packs come together. But, this is merely a distraction, a way to cause the other side to lose focus. With one referee and 30 rugby players on the pitch, two 40 minute halves with no timeouts, no protective gear, and continuous running to advance the ball, there are a number of such distractions that occur throughout the game.

So the next time you’re watching a baseball game and a pitcher knocks down or hits a batter and the dugouts empty and players start pushing each other around, not many punches are thrown during baseball fights, and the announcer states that it looks like a scrum, you can yell at the T.V. that it’s not a scrum it’s a fight.

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